21 juillet 2021 | International, Aérospatial

Planning for a rainy day in space: How America can build a resilient space future

The U.S. does not need to further expand a cumbersome military industry to address the Achilles’ heel of space system cybersecurity, a small satellite industry representative says.


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  • US Army-funded research project makes inroads on scaling quantum processors

    19 août 2020 | International, C4ISR

    US Army-funded research project makes inroads on scaling quantum processors

    Andrew Eversden Correction: An earlier version of this story misspelled the name of Sara Gamble, a program manager in quantum information science at the Army Research Office. WASHINGTON — A research project funded by the U.S. Army has developed a new approach to manufacturing quantum computer chips, representing a significant step forward toward making quantum processors at the scale needed to deliver rapid processing capabilities to the battlefield. The new approach could impact how the service builds quantum networks and distributed sensing capabilities. Quantum processors use a qubit to store information. The researchers were looking to increase the amount of qubits placed onto a photonic chip. Prior to the experiment, researchers were only able to get two or three qubits into one photonic chip, said Sara Gamble, a program manager in quantum information science at the Army Research Office, an element of the Army Research Laboratory at Combat Capabilities Development Command. “Currently we can exert control and successfully manipulate handfuls of qubits, like very countable numbers of them. But when it comes to the millions or billions of qubits that we need for applications of actual interest, how to get to those millions or billions of qubits is a major research challenge,” Gamble said in an interview with C4ISRNET. In this study, researchers succeeded in integrating 128 qubits onto a photonic chip by making small quantum “chiplets” and placing them onto a larger circuit. The chiplets were able to carry quantum information through artificial atoms created by scientists by exploiting defects in diamonds. The increase to 128 is a large jump, but well short of the thousands, millions or billions of qubits needed to successfully complete the applications the service sees as useful in the future. For example, qubits could be used for distributed sensing through networks of quantum systems on the battlefield to allow for greater situational awareness, though Gamble noted that quantum information science research is still in the early stage. “We know that a lot of these qubit types are also excellent sensors. So for things like electric and magnetic fields, these quantum sensors can sense those fields ... with a higher sensitivity than you can get out of classical sensor,” Gamble said. “And then if you network those quantum sensor systems together, that increase you can get in your signal goes up even more. “So we need those isolated qubit sensors. But then we also need a way for those qubit sensors to talk to each other over a quantum network.” Being able to process data at quantum speeds would benefit the military as it seeks to make decisions based on large sets of data coming in from the battlefield in near-real time, and as it moves toward multidomain operations. “It’s a fundamentally different way to gather, process and share information,” Gamble said. The research was completed by scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Sandia National Laboratories. The new technology still needs to undergo tests to ensure the qubits in the chip can be controlled in a way that would help the Army. Gamble said the research team is also considering how to automate parts of the production process. “Thinking about how we can automate these processes to make them even more repeatable is going to be exciting,” Gamble said, “and something that’s going to be necessary if you really want to do this for, you know, millions to billions of qubits instead of 128.” https://www.c4isrnet.com/battlefield-tech/it-networks/2020/08/17/us-army-funded-research-project-makes-inroads-on-scaling-quantum-processors/

  • Why program cuts from Esper’s Pentagon-wide review could come sooner than expected

    10 septembre 2019 | International, Aérospatial, Naval, Terrestre, C4ISR, Sécurité

    Why program cuts from Esper’s Pentagon-wide review could come sooner than expected

    By: Aaron Mehta  WASHINGTON — U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper intends to implement changes from his review of Defense Department organizations on a rolling basis, rather than waiting until the review process is completely finished, according to the department’s top spokesman. Jonathan Rath Hoffman, assistant to the secretary of defense for public affairs, said Monday that there’s “no interest” from Esper to wait until the review is fully done or the start of the next fiscal year to start implementing program changes, including potential cuts. “It’s going to be an ongoing process. If he makes a decision, it’s not going to be ‘I have to look through everything and then make some decisions.’ If he sees a program that needs to end or be moved, he’ll make that decision as quickly as he can,” Hoffman told reporters. “He’s going to make changes as we move forward. If he identifies changes that would save money, there’s no interest in waiting until next year to start saving money.” An Aug. 2 memo kicked off a departmentwide review of programs ahead of the development for the fiscal 2021 budget request. The goal is to find savings and drive a “longer-term focus on structural reform, ensuring all [defensewide] activities are aligned to the National Defense Strategy while evaluating the division of functions between defense-wide organizations and the military departments," per the document. The so-called fourth estate of the department includes 27 agencies, such as the Defense Intelligence Agency, the Defense Information Systems Agency and the Missile Defense Agency. A September 2018 report from the Government Accountability Office estimated those agencies collectively have an annual budget of at least $106 billion. Esper has acknowledged the review sounds a lot like the “night court” process the Army used to find roughly $25 billion in savings that could then be reinvested into new capabilities. But he has so far declined to offer a target dollar figure for savings. "It’s a long road. I’m spending two hours a week, 90 minutes to two hours a week on this in formal session, so we’re just going to work our way through it week after week after week,” the secretary said Aug 27. “I’m looking for programs that don’t have as much value relative to another critical war-fighting capability, absolutely.” Hoffman described the process as starting with internal reviews inside the various offices, looking at what projects are ongoing. Those are cross-checked with assessments from others in the department that are looking to find cost-sharing or cost-saving options. Those are collectively provided up to the deputy secretary of defense before being presented at regular meetings with Esper. Esper then “holds a review with all the parties that may have equities and go through it. I sat through one of these last week. He really digs into what are the appropriate roles, what are the appropriate missions, is there someone better or capable to hold this than the equity that has it now, is there better cost savings,” Hoffman said. Some have questioned whether Esper’s plans will run into roadblocks in Congress. On Monday, Hoffman stressed that the department has been keeping Congress in the loop. “The secretary has been very adamant he wants to make sure Congress is fully informed,” he said. https://www.defensenews.com/pentagon/2019/09/09/program-cuts-from-espers-pentagon-wide-review-could-come-sooner-than-expected/

  • Le prix d'achat des prochains avions de combat destinés à l'Armée  suisse devra être compensés à 100% par des participations  industrielles de l'économie suisse

    9 octobre 2018 | International, Aérospatial

    Le prix d'achat des prochains avions de combat destinés à l'Armée suisse devra être compensés à 100% par des participations industrielles de l'économie suisse

    OTS NEWS: Swissmem / Offsetbüro Bern / Swissmem / GRPM / Nouveaux ... Offsetbüro Bern / Swissmem / GRPM / Nouveaux avions de combat: coup d'envoi pour les participations industrielles suisses (DOCUMENT)    Zürich (ots) -  - Indication: Des informations complémentaires peuvent être téléchargées en format pdf sous: http://presseportal.ch/fr/nr/100053245 - Le prix d'achat des prochains avions de combat destinés à l'Armée suisse devra être compensés à 100% par des participations industrielles de l'économie suisse. Afin de permettre une bonne coopération entre les cinq consortiums d'avionneurs pressentis et l'industrie suisse, cinq journées de contacts seront organisées en octobre à Lausanne et à Berne par le Bureau des offsets de Berne, Swissmem / SWISS ASD (Aeronautics, Security and Defence) et le Groupe romand pour le matériel de défense et de sécurité (GRPM). Tant pour les avionneurs que pour l'industrie suisse, l'objectif des 100% de participations (ou offsets ou compensations) constitue une tâche exigeante et ambitieuse. Elle exige des contacts initiaux intenses ainsi que des échanges d'informations systématiques. D'une part les avionneurs doivent communiquer sur les opportunités de participations industrielles jusqu'au moins de janvier dans le cadre de leur réponse à l'appel d'offres et d'autre part les entreprises suisses doivent annoncer leurs compétences*. Les cinq avionneurs sont les suivants : Airbus (Eurofighter), Boeing (F/A-18 E Super Hornet), Dassault (Rafale), Lockheed Martin (F-35A) et Saab (Gripen E). Afin de lancer la coopération entre les avionneurs et l'industrie suisse, le Bureau des offsets de Berne associé à Swissmem / SWISS ASD et au GRPM organisent deux journées de contacts en octobre à Berne et Lausanne pour chaque avionneur. Chaque événement commence par une courte présentation du consortium de l'avionneur. La partie principale est constituée de meetings individuels (business-to-business) entre les entreprises suisses et les consortiums des avionneurs (avionneurs, fournisseurs, partenaires, etc). Plus de 80 entreprises suisses se sont annoncées pour chacune des manifestations à Berne et Lausanne. Les objectifs des participations industrielles suisses aux acquisitions de l'Armée suisse faites à l'étranger sont les suivants :    - Maintien de capacités minimales et de savoir-faire technique dans des domaines relevant de la sécurité de la Suisse    - Garantie de compétences-clés minimales pour l'entretien et le développement de matériels militaires et civils de l'Armée suisse    - Participation à des programmes industriels internationaux, accès durable à de nouveaux marchés ainsi qu'aux chaînes d'approvisionnement d'entreprises internationales très compétitives    - Transfert de savoir-faire étranger en Suisse    - Conclusion de mandats supplémentaires, maintien et création d'emplois    Les journées de contacts sont réservées aux entreprises inscrites. Pour de plus amples informations:    *   Domaines concernés : machines, métallurgie, électronique et électrotechnique, optique, horlogerie, construction de véhicules et wagons, produits en caoutchouc et matières synthétiques, secteur aéronautique et spatial, software-engineering, coopérations avec des hautes écoles et instituts de recherche Originaltext: Swissmem Dossier de presse digital: http://www.presseportal.ch/fr/nr/100053245 Dossier de presse par RSS: http://presseportal.ch/fr/rss/pm_100053245.rss2 Contact: Swissmem Jonas Lang Pfingstweidstrasse 102 CH-8037 Zürich j.lang@swissmem.ch GRPM Philippe Zahno Rue de Voignous 9 CH-2008 Delémont philippe.zahno@grpm.ch https://www.zonebourse.com/actualite-bourse/OTS-NEWS-Swissmem-Offsetburo-Bern-Swissmem-GRPM-Nouveaux---27384744/

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