14 janvier 2022 | International, C4ISR

Vidéo : Quand la science-fiction se met au service de la Défense nationale

Au sein de l'Agence de l'Innovation de la Défense, « Red Team » et « Blue Team » imaginent et répondent aux scénarios catastrophes de demain. Les équipes de France Info se sont entretenues avec le directeur de l'agence, Emmanuel Chiva, directeur de l'agence qui pilote l'innovation en matière de défense, dont l'une des missions est d'anticiper les menaces, et de travailler sur les moyens de s'en prémunir. Imaginer les conflits d'un futur lointain au sein de l'Agence de l'innovation de Défense, c'est le rôle de la Red Team et de ses auteurs de science-fiction. « C'est une dizaine d'auteurs, (...) et nous avons aussi un opérateur, Paris Sciences & Lettres, qui nous apporte toute la méthodologie », indique Emmanuel Chiva. En face, la Blue Team, « composée d'officiers, d'ingénieurs, de la DGA, de spécialistes des relations internationales du ministère des Armées (…) des gens qui doivent imaginer le moyen de répondre aux menaces de la Red Team », détaille-t-il. L'agence possède un comité d'éthique de la Défense, « dans le but de se fixer des lignes rouges » rassure Emmanuel Chiva. Parmi les scénarios, on trouve un travail sur les pirates du futur avec « la création d'une nation flottante », D'autres scénarios, en revanche, ceux qui peuvent « exposer des vulnérabilités », restent confidentiels. 

Franceinfo du 13 janvier 

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  • Pentagon inks $197 million in contracts for microelectronics

    19 octobre 2020 | International, C4ISR

    Pentagon inks $197 million in contracts for microelectronics

    Andrew Eversden WASHINGTON — The U.S. Department of Defense has awarded contracts worth $197.2 million for microelectronics, it announced Thursday, amid concerns about with much production of the technology is taking place outside the United States. The Pentagon awards are part of the department’s desire to entice microelectronics manufacturing back into the United States. Microelectronics are at the core of technologies the department considers critical to national security, such as artificial intelligence, quantum computing and 5G communications capabilities. “The microelectronics industry is at the root of our nation’s economic strength, national security, and technological standing," said Michael Kratsios, acting undersecretary of defense for research and engineering. The “awards support the Department’s mission to promote microelectronics supply chain security and accelerate U.S. development of the very best in circuit design, manufacturing, and packaging. It’s critical for the DOD and American industry to work together in meaningful partnerships to ensure the United States leads the world in microelectronics far into the future.” As part of the awards, Microsoft and IBM are splitting an other transaction authority contract worth $24.5 million “to advance commercial leading-edge microelectronics physical ‘back-end’ design methods with measurable security.” The award is a phase one deal under the DoD’s Rapid Assured Microelectronics Prototypes using Advanced Commercial Capabilities Project. Another contract, valued at $172.7 million, was awarded to both Intel Federal and Qorvo to “develop and demonstrate a novel approach towards measurably secure, heterogeneous integration and test of advanced packaging solutions.” The award was given under phase two of the State-of-the-Art Heterogeneous Integration Prototype Program. “These awards highlight how the Department is moving towards a new quantifiable assurance strategy that will help the DOD quickly and safely build and deploy leading-edge microelectronics technologies,” the Pentagon’s news release said. The department is increasingly concerned about the microsystems market because much of the production process takes place overseas, particularly in or near China. The department fears this allows China to implement backdoors into critical national security systems. Because of the current market structure, "we can no longer identify the pedigree of our microelectronics,” Ellen Lord, the undersecretary of defense for acquisition and sustainment, said at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency’s Electronics Resurgence Initiative Summit in August. “Therefore we can no longer ensure that backdoors, malicious code or data exfiltration commands aren’t embedded in our code. While we develop the ability to identify the technical path to ensure all components, circuits and systems are clean regardless of their manufacturing location, we need to find a path to domestic sources to provide a secure and resilient supply of legacy, state-of-the-present and state-of-the-art microelectronics.” https://www.c4isrnet.com/battlefield-tech/it-networks/2020/10/16/pentagon-inks-197-million-in-contracts-for-microelectronics/  

  • Airbus, Dassault Agreement on FCAS Project

    8 avril 2021 | International, Aérospatial, C4ISR

    Airbus, Dassault Agreement on FCAS Project

    Airbus and Dassault Aviation have proposed to the governments of France, Germany and Spain to build a demonstrator under Europe’s Future Combat Air System (FCAS) project. The two companies reached an agreement Friday that paves the way for political talks to resume among the governments, a source close to the matter told Reuters. The FCAS program consists of a manned Next-Generation Fighter (NGF) aircraft, accompanied by drones of specialized capabilities, like reconnaissance and strike. It is envisioned as a futuristic air power weapon that will replace the Rafale and Eurofighter fleets in France and Germany beginning in 2040. A so-called combat cloud will pump command-and-control data between all program platforms, essentially creating a flying network of sensors and weapons with the NGF as its hub. The project is expected to cost anywhere between $60 billion and $95 billion until 2040. First floated by German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron in 2017, the program has been dogged by political differences as well as corporate disagreements. Airbus is unhappy being treated as a subcontractor while French jet maker Dassault leads the aircraft development. “Dassault accepts that Airbus will receive a larger overall FCAS workshare but remained ready to pursue a ‘Plan B’ if the talks failed,” Dassault boss Eric Trappier said last month. Airbus is, however, spearheading the development of the drones and the "combat cloud" ultrafast communications network that will use artificial intelligence (AI) capabilities.

  • France orders upgraded Rafale warplanes for $2.3 billion

    15 janvier 2019 | International, Aérospatial

    France orders upgraded Rafale warplanes for $2.3 billion

    By: Christina Mackenzie PARIS — The French government today signed a €2 billion contract with Dassault Aviation for 28 Rafale aircraft and gave the go-ahead for development of the aircraft’s F4 standard which should be validated by 2024, although some functions will be ready by 2022. The 28 aircraft will include some F4 functionalities and be delivered to the French air force from 2023. Defense Minister Florence Parly announced that a further 30 aircraft at the full F4 standard would be ordered in 2023 for delivery between 2027 and 2030. The F4 standard will have upgraded radar sensors and front sector optronics as well as improved capabilities in the helmet-mounted display. It will have new weapons, notably MBDA’s Mica NG air-to-air missile and 1,000 kg AASM air-to-ground modular weapon, be able to carry the new Scalp missiles and be equipped with the Talios multifunction optronic pod made by Thales. The Rafale F4 will feature novel connectivity solutions to improve the aircraft’s effectiveness in network-centric warfare. “We’ll be able to receive more data, strengthen our data rate, talk, receive, notably thanks to satellite communication and software defined radio: the Rafale F4 will move even further into the era of data,” Parly said at the Dassault factory in Mérignac near Bordeaux. “The F4 standard guarantees that Rafale will remain at world-class level so that our combat air forces can carry out all their missions with optimum efficiency, whether in coalition operations or completely independently, as required by the French nuclear deterrent,” said Eric Trappier, CEO of Dassault Aviation. He added that “this new standard also guarantees that Rafale will remain a credible reference on the export market.” The F1 standard was specific to the first aircraft for the French Navy. The F2 standard gave it air-to-ground and air-to-air capaiblities, while the F3 and F3R gave it extended versatility. https://www.defensenews.com/global/europe/2019/01/14/france-orders-upgraded-rafale-warplanes-for-23-billion

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