13 octobre 2021 | International, Terrestre

Robot Dogs Now Have Assault Rifles Mounted On Their Backs

Robot dogs have been met with equal parts fascination and fear by the public, but their utility for military applications is becoming undeniable.

https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/42717/robot-dogs-can-now-have-6-5mm-assault-rifles-mounted-on-their-backs

Sur le même sujet

  • British F-35s train with US B-2s for the first time

    3 septembre 2019 | International, Aérospatial

    British F-35s train with US B-2s for the first time

    U.S. Air Force B-2s trained with Royal Air Force F-35s Aug. 29, the first time foreign fifth-generation fighter jets have integrated with the U.S. stealth bombers. Three B-2 bombers from the 509th Bomber Wing out of Whiteman Air Force Base, are part of a U.S. Strategic Command bomber task force and are forward deployed to RAF Fairford in Gloucestershire, U.K., which is U.S. Air Forces in Europe’s forward operating base for bombers. They arrived in theater Aug. 27. “We’re delighted that the USAF and [the] Bomber Task Force are here in the UK and that our F-35 Lightning pilots have the chance to fly alongside and train with the B-2 bomber crews," said Group Capt. Richard Yates, chief of staff at the UK Air Battle Staff, in an RAF news release. "This is the first time that any other country has done this.” The training aims to improve the interoperability of the strategic bombers with the fifth-generation fighter aircraft of European allies and demonstrate U.S. commitment to deterring adversary aggression on the continent, according to an Air Force news release. “Our Royal Air Force friends are integral to the 509th Bomb Wing mission," said Lt. Col. Rob Schoeneberg, Bomber Task Force commander, 393rd Expeditionary Squadron, in the Air Force news release. "The beauty of our partnerships is that we get to understand how they see the world. "Working alongside international fifth-generation aircraft provides unique training opportunities for us, bolsters our integration capabilities and showcases the commitment we have to our NATO alliance.” Prior to the training in England, a B-2 from the task force flew from RAF Fairford to Keflavik Air Base, Iceland. The Aug. 28 mission involved hot-pit refueling at Keflavik AB. The purpose of the flight was to conduct theater familiarization for aircrew members and to demonstrate U.S. commitment to allies and partners. https://www.airforcetimes.com/news/your-air-force/2019/08/31/british-f-35s-train-with-us-b-2s-for-the-first-time

  • Contract Awards by US Department of Defense - October 01, 2019

    2 octobre 2019 | International, Aérospatial, Naval, Terrestre, C4ISR, Sécurité

    Contract Awards by US Department of Defense - October 01, 2019

    AIR FORCE Faxon Machining Inc., Cincinnati, Ohio (FA8681-20-D-0001); and Major Tool & Machine Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana (FA8681-20-D-0002), have been awarded a $600,000,000 indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity contract for BLU-136/B next generation area attack warhead case production.  This contract provides for the procurement of 15,000 BLU-136/B next generation area attack warhead cases.  Work will be performed at Cincinnati, Ohio; and Indianapolis, Indiana, and is expected to be complete by Sept. 30, 2026.  This award is the result of a competitive small business set-aside acquisition.  Fiscal 2019 ammunition production funds in the amount of $109,500 is being obligated at the time of award.  The Air Force Life Cycle Management Center, Direct Attack Division, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, is the contracting activity. United Launch Services, Centennial, Colorado, has been awarded a $98,549,235 firm-fixed-price contract for Atlas V Completion launch services.  This contract provides launch service completion for three National Security Space Launch Atlas V missions (two Air Force and one National Reconnaissance Office) previously ordered under contract FA8811-13-C-0003.  Work will be performed at Centennial, Colorado; Decatur, Alabama; and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida, and is expected to be completed by Nov. 30, 2020.  This award is the result of a sole source acquisition.  Fiscal 2019 and 2020 procurement funds are being obligated at the time of award.  The Space and Missile Systems Center, Los Angeles Air Force Base, California, is the contracting activity (FA8811-20-C-0001). Tunista Logistics Solutions LLC, Honolulu, Hawaii, has been awarded a $90,000,000 contract for Barry M. Goldwater Range operations and maintenance services.  This contract provides for operation and maintenance services of the government-owned, contractor-operated facilities at Gila Bend Air Force Auxiliary Field, Gila Bend, Arizona, and support services for operation of the Barry M. Goldwater Range in support of training missions for the F-35, F-16 and A-10 aircraft pilots for Air Force and other Department of Defense agencies.  Ranges are broadly categorized as either primary training ranges or major range and test facility bases.  The Barry M. Goldwater Range is considered a primary training range.  Services include airfield management, target and range maintenance, civil engineering, fire and emergency services, security, logistics, air traffic control, custodial, trash and refuse, environmental engineering, biological and environmental monitoring.  Work will be performed at Gila Bend Air Force Auxiliary Field, and is expected to be completed by Sept. 30, 2026.  This award is the result of a competitive acquisition and three offers were received.  Fiscal 2020 operations and maintenance funds in the amount of approximately $13,000,000 are being obligated at the time of award.  The 56th Contracting Squadron, Luke Air Force Base, Arizona, is the contracting activity (FA4887-20-D-0001). Teletronics Technology Corp., Newtown, Pennsylvania, has been awarded a $90,000,000 indefinite-quantity contract, for high speed data acquisition systems (HSDAS) and support.  This contract provides the 59th Test and Evaluation Squadron with HSDAS and ancillary support services.  The contract provides for configured systems, signal conditioning, data acquisition, multiplexing, recording and radio frequency telemetry functionality primarily used for flight and ground test.  The contractor shall provide HSDAS commercial-off-the-shelf products and associated HSDAS services.  Work will be performed at Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, and is expected to be complete by March 2025.  This award is the result of a sole source acquisition.  Fiscal 2019 research and development funds in the amount of $58,967 are being obligated at the time of award.  The 99th Contracting Squadron, Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, is the contracting activity (FA4861-19-D-A006).   Intelligent Waves LLC, Reston, Virginia, has been awarded an $89,200,000 indefinite-quantity contract for crowd sourced data support services.  This contract provides the 59th Test and Evaluation Squadron with crowd support data support services.  The contractor shall provide flight test mission instrumentation modifications, improvements and operations for 53rd Wing test aircraft test instrumentation packages at Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, and other operational flight-testing locations.  The contractor shall evaluate, upgrade, modify and operate instrumentation systems before, during, and after test missions.  This work may include design, integration, functional checkouts and mission data capture activities for each period of performance.  Work will be performed at Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada; Yuma, Arizona; Patuxent River, Maryland; Norfolk, Virginia; Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio; and Hill Air Force Base, Utah, and is expected to be completed by March 2025.  This award is the result of a sole source acquisition.  Fiscal 2019 research and development funds in the amount of $1,600,000 are being obligated at the time of award.  The 99th Contracting Squadron, Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, is the contracting activity (FA4861-19-D-A005).   DynCorp International LLC, Fort Worth, Texas, has been awarded a $68,400,284 modification (P00033) to previously awarded contract FA4890-17-C-0005 for Air Force Central Command war reserve materiel.  The contract modification provides for the exercise of Option Year Three period of performance for services being provided under the basic contract.  The location of performance is Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina; Kuwait; Oman; Qatar; and United Arab Emirates, and work is expected to be completed by Sept. 30, 2020.  The total cumulative face value of the contract is $255,195,955.  Fiscal 2020 operations and maintenance funds in the amount of $68,379,284 are being obligated at the time of award.  The Acquisition Management and Integration Center, Joint Base Langley-Eustis, Hampton, Virginia, is the contracting activity. ASRC Communications Ltd., Beltsville, Maryland, has been awarded a $66,954,742 firm-fixe-price single contract modification (P00039) to previously awarded contract FA3002-16-C-0004 for acquisition of base operations support services.  Work will be performed at Vance Air Force Base, Oklahoma, and is expected to be completed by Sept. 30, 2020.  This award is the result of a competitive source acquisition and six offers were received.  Fiscal 2020 operations and maintenance funds are being used and no funds are being obligated at the time of the award.  The Air Force Installation Contracting Center, the 338th Specialized Contracting Squadron, Joint Base San Antonio, Texas, is the contracting activity. Reliance Test & Technology, Crestview, Florida, has been awarded a $49,032,036 modification (P00056) to previously awarded contract FA2486-16-C-0002 for Eglin Operation and Maintenance Support Service.  This contract modification increases the value of cost-type contract line item numbers for Option Period One.  Work will be performed at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, and is expected to be completed by March 31, 2020.  The total cumulative face value of the contract to $1,266,287,845.  Fiscal 2019 research and development funds in the amount of $6,200,000 are being obligated at the time of award.  The Air Force Test Center, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, is the contracting activity. Crew Training International Inc., Memphis, Tennessee, has been awarded a $42,279,639 firm-fixed-price modification (P00009) to previously awarded contract FA4890-19-C-0003 for the MQ9 Aircrew Training and Courseware Development contract.  The contract modification is for the exercise of option year one.  Work will be performed at Creech Air Force Base, Nevada; Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico; March Air Reserve Base, California; and Hancock Air National Guard Base, New York, and is expected to be completed by Sept. 30, 2020.  The total cumulative face value of the contract is $223,630,953.  Fiscal 2020 operations and maintenance funds in the amount of $30,376,922 are being obligated at the time of award.  The Air Combat Command Acquisition Management and Integration Center, Joint Base Langley-Eustis, Virginia, is the contracting activity. L-3 Communications Integrated Systems, Greenville, Texas, has been awarded a $17,518,309 cost-plus-fixed-fee contract modification for aircraft engineering, procurement and fabrication.  Work will be performed in Greenville, Texas, and is expected to be completed by December 2022.  This contract involves 100% foreign military sales.  This award is the result of a sole-source acquisition.  Foreign Military Sales funds in the amount of $17,518,309 are being obligated at the time of award. The 645th Aeronautical Systems Group, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, is the contracting activity (FA8620-18-F-4802 P00006). SES Electrical LLC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, has been awarded an $11,298,386 firm-fixed-price contract to repair main perimeter fence.  As the result of Hurricane Michael, the contract is comprised of the removal and disposal of old damaged fence, removal and disposal of previously installed temporary fencing and replacement with new approved fencing materials at specific locations identified on Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida.  Work will be performed at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida, and is expected to be completed by Sept. 30, 2020.  This award is the result of a sole source 8(a) Alaska Native Corporation acquisition.  Fiscal 2019 operations and maintenance funding in the amount of $11,298,386 are being obligated at the time of award.  The 325th Contracting Squadron, Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida, is the contracting activity (FA4819-19-C-A033). U.S. TRANSPORTATION COMMAND Twelve companies have been awarded task orders under the following International Charter Airlift Services in Support of the Civil Reserve Air Fleet contracts:  HTC71118DCC37 -- Atlas Air Inc., Purchase, New York (HTC71120F1025, HTC71120F1026; $287,285,594); Federal Express, Memphis, Tennessee (HTC71120F1027; $38,903,491); Amerijet International, Fort Lauderdale, Florida (HTC71120F1041; $2,496,649); HTC71118DCC38 -- Miami Air International, Miami, Florida (HTC71120F1028; $7,084,737); Sun Country Airlines, Eagan, Minnesota (HTC71120F1029; $3,025,704); HTC71118DCC39 -- ABX Air, Wilmington, Ohio (HTC71120F1030; $9,394,053), Air Transport International Inc., Wilmington, Ohio (HTC71120F1031; $17,450,997); Kalitta Air LLC, Ypsilanti, Michigan (HTC71120F1032; $159,942,597); Omni Air International Inc., Tulsa, Oklahoma (HTC71120F1033; $77,654,435); United Parcel Service Co., Louisville, Kentucky (HTC71120F1034; $13,710,325); Western Global Airlines, Estero, Florida (HTC71120F1035; $17,812,110); and HTC71118DCC40 -- National Airlines, Orlando, Florida (HTC71120F1036; $12,464,771).  The task orders provide international long-range and short-range charter airlift services for the Department of Defense.  Work will be performed globally.  The task order period of performance is from Oct. 1, 2019, to Sept. 30, 2020.  Type of appropriation is Fiscal 2020 transportation working capital funds.  U.S. Transportation Command, Directorate of Acquisition, Scott Air Force Base, Illinois, is the contracting activity. Air Transport International, Wilmington, Ohio, has been awarded task order (HTC71120F1037) on contract HTC71118DCC16 in the estimated amount of $86,633,164.  This contract provides global air charter transportation services utilizing part 121 aircraft configured to simultaneously transport both passengers and cargo.  Services required include full planeload port to port airlift transportation services, commercial equivalent economy passenger services, 463L pallet cargo services, and mission coordination.  Work will be performed globally.  Task order period of performance is Oct. 1, 2019, to Sept. 30, 2020.  Fiscal 2020 transportation working capital funds were obligated at time of award.  This task order will bring the total cumulative face value of the contract to $212,167,393 from $125,534,229.  U.S. Transportation Command, Directorate of Acquisition, Scott Air Force Base, Illinois, is the contracting activity. Jacobs Technology Inc., Tampa, Florida, has been awarded a contract modification (P00029) on contract HTC71117CD001 obligating funds in the amount of $22,360,471.  This modification provides continued information technology service management enterprise support to the U.S. Transportation Command.  Work will be performed primarily on-site at Scott Air Force Base, Illinois, and other locations:  Defense Information Systems Agency Defense Enterprise Computing Center, St. Louis, Missouri; U.S. TRANSCOM Office, Washington, District of Columbia; Joint Enabling Capabilities Command, Norfolk, Virginia; and the Pentagon.  The option period of performance is from Oct. 1, 2019, to Sept. 30, 2020.  Fiscal 2020 transportation working capital funds, operations; and operations and maintenance funds were obligated at award.  This modification brings the total cumulative face value of the contract to $74,346,425 from $51,985,954.  U.S. TRANSCOM, Directorate of Acquisition, Scott Air Force Base, Illinois, is the contracting activity. DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY Rolls-Royce Corp., Indianapolis, Indiana, has been awarded a maximum $109,252,327 requirements contract for supplies related to the support of the T56 family of aircraft engines.  This was a sole source acquisition using justification 10 U.S. Code 2304 (c)(1), as stated in Federal Acquisition Regulation 6.302-1.  This is a five-year base contract with one five-year option period.  Location of performance is Indiana, with a Sept. 30, 2024, performance completion date.  Using military services are Air Force and Navy.  Type of appropriation is fiscal 2020 through 2024 defense working capital funds.  The contracting activity is the Defense Logistics Agency Aviation, Richmond, Virginia (SPE4AX-20-D-9400). Woodward Inc., Loves Park, Illinois, has been awarded a maximum $113,429,656 firm-fixed-price, indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity contract for aviation turbine engine main fuel controls.  This was a competitive acquisition with one offer received.  This is a five-year contract with no option periods.  Location of performance is Illinois, with a Sept. 20, 2025, performance completion date.  Using military service is Army.  Type of appropriation is fiscal 2019 through 2024 Army working capital funds.  The contracting activity is the Defense Logistics Agency Aviation, Redstone Arsenal, Alabama (SPRRA1-19-D-0133). (Awarded Sept. 28, 2019) NAVY Progeny Systems,* Manassas, Virginia, was awarded a $25,689,916 cost-plus-fixed-fee, cost-plus-incentive-fee, and cost only contract for the procurement of Navy systems engineering.  This contract includes options, which, if exercised, would bring the cumulative value of this contract to $98,044,894.  Work will be performed in Middletown, Rhode Island (70%); and Manassas, Virginia (30%), and is expected to be completed by September 2021.  If all options are exercised, work will continue through September 2027.  Fiscal 2019 research, development test and evaluation (Navy) funding in the amount of $800,000 will be obligated at time of award.  This contract was competitively procured via the Federal Business Opportunities website, with one offer received.  The Naval Sea Systems Command, Washington Navy Yard, Washington, District of Columbia, is the contracting activity (N00024-19-C-6201). (Awarded Sept. 30, 2019) Systems Application and Technologies Inc.,* Oxnard, California, is awarded a $25,275,828 modification (P00016) to a previously awarded cost-plus-fixed-fee/cost contract (N68936-18-C-0046) to maintain and operate aerial and seaborne assets and associated equipment for the Pacific Targets and Marine Operations Division of the Naval Air Warfare Center, Weapons Division (NAWCWD), Point Mugu, California.  Work will be performed at Naval Base Ventura County, California (85%); China Lake, California (6%); and Las Cruces, New Mexico (3%); Kauai, Hawaii (2%); Salt Lake City, Utah (2%); Lompoc, California (1%); and various locations outside the continental U.S. (1%), and is expected to be completed in September 2020.  Major range and test facility base; and working capital (Navy) funds in the amount of $11,690,000 will be obligated at time of award, none of which will expire at the end of the current fiscal year.  The NAWCWD, Point Mugu, California, is the contracting activity. Life Cycle Engineering Inc., North Charleston, South Carolina, was awarded an $8,696,376 firm-fixed-price task order (N32253-19-F-3000) off of the SeaPort-e multiple-award contract N00178-07-D-4077 for the procurement of technical, engineering, management, programmatic, logistics, and education (TEMPLE) services at Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard and Intermediate Maintenance Facility, Hawaii.  This procurement of TEMPLE services will provide advisory and assistance services to various departments (C135 Quality Assurance, C200 Engineering, C300 Operations, C710 Lifting and Handling, C900T Resource and Training, and C2300 Nuclear Engineering Planning Department) at the Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard.  This task order includes one option period which, if exercised, would bring the cumulative value of this task order to $17,563,077.  Work will be performed in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, and is expected to be completed by September 2020.  If the option period is exercised, work will continue through September 2021.  Fiscal 2019 operation and maintenance (Navy) funding in the amount of $8,696,376 was obligated at time of award and would have expired at the end of fiscal year 2019.  This task order was competitively procured via SeaPort-e, with one offer received.  The Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard and Intermediate Maintenance Facility, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, is the contracting activity. (Awarded Sept. 28, 2019) CORRECTION: The Sept. 30, 2019, announcement of a $43,889,245 delivery order (N0002419F5637) under previously awarded contract N00024-15-D-5217 to Lockheed Martin Rotary and Mission Systems, Manassas, Virginia, for 281 Technical Insertion Sixteen (TI-16) Common Display System Variant A water-cooled and air-cooled production consoles, included the incorrect completion month. The work is expected to be complete by September 2020. All other information in the announcement is correct. CORRECTION: The Sept. 30, 2019, announcement of an $8,004,622 modification (P00006) to a previously awarded contract (N00019-19-C-0004) to Lockheed Martin Corp., Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co., Fort Worth, Texas, included an incorrect work location. The correct location is Edwards Air Force Base, California. All other information in the announcement is correct. CORRECTION: The $67,371,583 contract awarded to EMCube Inc., Alexandria, Virginia (N00030-20-C-0009), to provide services for the U.S. and United Kingdom Trident II D5 Strategic Weapon System programs and the United Kingdom Dreadnought program, was incorrectly announced on Sept. 30, 2019. The contract is being awarded Oct. 1, 2019. All other information in the announcement is correct. DEFENSE HEALTH AGENCY Alutiiq Solutions LLC, Anchorage, Alaska, has been awarded a $11,910,439 firm-fixed-price contract, HT0014-19-C-0012. This contract provides support to the Defense Health Agency for continuation of information management and information technology services at the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, the Fort Belvoir Community Hospital, and other joint medical facilities and components within the National Capital Region. The work includes, but is not limited to, project management, application and web development, clinical informatics, information assurance, help desk, data center and network operations, system architecture and engineering, and telecommunications support. Work will be performed in Maryland and Virginia, beginning Sept. 30, 2019, with an estimated completion date of March 29, 2020. The contract includes a six-month base period. Fiscal 2019 operations and maintenance funds in the amount of $11,910,439 are obligated on this award. This was an 8(a) direct award. The Defense Health Agency, Falls Church, Virginia, is the contracting activity. *Small Business https://www.defense.gov/Newsroom/Contracts/Contract/Article/1976774/source/GovDelivery/

  • The US Navy is planning for its new frigate to be a workhorse

    31 janvier 2019 | International, Naval

    The US Navy is planning for its new frigate to be a workhorse

    WASHINGTON — The U.S. Navy is looking to get a lot of underway time out of its new frigate and is eyeing a crewing model that swaps out teams of sailors to maximize the operational time for each hull. The so-called blue-gold crewing model effectively creates two crews for each ship of the class. The blue crew and gold crew switch out to keep the ships at sea for as long as possible without breaking the sailors and their families. It’s the model the Navy has used for years on the ballistic missile submarines and is employing on the littoral combat ships, but now the model is likely to extend to the LCS successor, said Rear Adm. Ron Boxall, the Chief of Naval Operations’ surface warfare director. “We’re looking at the blue-gold construct on FFG(X). We’re planning on it, which gives us a larger operational availability – it should double it,” Boxall told Defense News in an interview late last year. The use of blue-gold crewing hints at how the Navy is viewing its new frigate: as a ship that can carry out a a broad range of tasks that have consumed the operational time of larger combatants. That includes exercises with allies and freedom of navigation operations to counter-piracy and routine presence missions that don’t require an Arleigh Burke destroyer to be successful but are time-intensive. The Navy has bemoaned the lack of a small surface combatant that can hold down low-end missions but still contribute in a high-end fight, which has been the impetus behind the whole FFG(X) program. Even though the crews will catch a break in the blue-gold construct, off-hull crews won’t be kicking back during their shore rotation, Boxall said. The surface force has been investing in higher-end training facilities in fleet concentration areas in an effort to increase the proficiency of its watch teams. Crews on shore will be going through those trainers, he said. “So, these ships are going to be out there half the time while the [off-hull] crews are back training in higher-fidelity training environments,” Boxall explained. “And what [commanding officers] will tell you is that as we get to higher and higher fidelity training, time to train becomes equally as valuable. “So, in an increasingly complex environment, it’s just intuitive that that you have to have time to train. We think Blue-Gold makes sense for those reasons on the frigate.” Lessons from LCS Getting more simulator time for surface sailors has been an initiative championed by the Navy’s top surface warfare officer Vice Adm. Rich Brown. It’s an off-shoot from lessons-learned from FFG(X)’s predecessor, the LCS, which has extremely high-fidelity simulator trainers for its crews before they take over their assigned hulls. One thing the surface force has been intrigued to see has been the high quality of the officers that come up through the LCS program, something the Navy in part attributes to the trainers, Boxall said, and the SWOs want to replicate that for the FFG(X). “One really interesting side-note with LCS has been the quality of the training,” Boxall said. “As we went back and looked at the lessons learned from McCain and Fitzgerald, we're trying to apply some of the good things about LCS to that. “Those officers, because they are smaller ships they get a lot more water under the keel. And they're faster ships so they are getting that water under the keel in a faster-moving environment. So we're creating a generation of officers who are getting tougher navigation environments thrown at them more quickly, and we're also getting the quality and fidelity of their trainers.” This has meant that LCS officers more-than stack up to their peers from larger, more advanced ships, he added. “What we're seeing is they are doing very, very well against their contemporaries coming off the bigger ships,” Boxall said. “Why is that happening? It's fairly logical: More stick time, better fidelity trainers and more time in the trainers.” Ownership The littoral combat ship adopted the Blue-Gold crewing model after a series of high-profile breakdowns, some caused by crew errors. The original model was to have three crews for two hulls, a rotational model that the Navy worried was taking away from the sense of ownership for a single, specific hull that permanently attached crews might have to a greater degree. The program was reorganized to a Blue-Gold model, which required hundreds of new billets for the LCS program, under then-head of Naval Surface Forces Pacific, Rear Adm. Thomas Rowden. Expanding Blue-Gold to the FFG(X) would further spread the model inside the surface warfare community. Both minesweepers and patrol craft, two other workhorse platforms in the surface community, operate under a Blue-Gold crewing model as well. However, it may not be a model that the Navy will pursue on the large surface combatant now in development. That ship may be better with a lower operational tempo, Boxall said. “We’ll look and see if that makes sense on the large surface combatant or not,” he said. “Maybe those are better ships to keep as a surge force, maybe they’re fine operating on a lower rotational model.” https://www.defensenews.com/naval/2019/01/30/the-us-navy-is-planning-for-its-new-frigate-to-be-a-workhorse/

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