17 décembre 2019 | International, Aérospatial, Naval, Terrestre, C4ISR, Sécurité

Getting Brexit Done Brings Defense Challenges

Tony Osborne

Boris Johnson’s election landslide on Dec. 12 makes Brexit on Jan. 31 a certainty.

But as the chants of “Get Brexit Done”—a slogan used by the Conservative party in their election messaging—fade away, Britain’s place in the world appears infinitely more vulnerable.

Johnson’s parliamentary majority means he can now sweep aside any opposition to pursue his vision of Brexit.

But he was not the only victor.

The Scottish National Party secured 48 of Scotland’s 59 seats, which the party says is a mandate for a second independence vote. If it were to succeed, there would be far-reaching consequences to Britain’s national defense capability. Scotland is home to strategically important air bases and, most significantly, the UK’s Trident-based nuclear deterrent. Johnson is unlikely to approve such a referendum at least in the short-term, but the Scottish nationalists could make life difficult for his government, and preventing a referendum could be seen as undemocratic.

The complexities of having Northern Ireland as the only part of the UK to share a land border with an EU country, the Republic of Ireland, mean that after a Brexit there will be a border in the Irish Sea between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK. This, too, could have security implications and lead to renewed violence from unionist groups, as they see their political influence being eroded. Nationalists see an opportunity for a united Ireland once again. There is also uncertainty about the futures of Gibraltar and Diego Garcia. 

Exiting the EU means British security forces no longer will be linked to EU databases on criminals, organized crime and terror. Questions also have arisen about Russia’s influence in the British democratic process, with Johnson suppressing publication of an intelligence report on Russian infiltration in British politics during the election run-up.

And there is a fiscal aspect as well. Since the Brexit vote in 2016, Britain’s GDP has begun to stagnate as economic output and investments fall away. National debt also is rising. The British Parliament’s own analysis suggests GDP could be 7% lower over the next 15 years than without Brexit, and even with a free-trade agreement established with Europe. Questions then would arise about whether Britain could afford to maintain military spending. Currency fluctuations will affect big-budget programs such as the ongoing purchase of the Lockheed Martin F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF).

Britain is one of a handful of NATO countries with defense spending at or above NATO’s target of 2% of GDP.  The Conservative manifesto published in the run-up to the election calls for this to increase by at least 0.5% above inflation every year. Britain’s defense budget for 2019-20 was £39.5 billion ($52.7 billion), and this will rise to £41.3 billion for 2020-21. The government will maintain and renew the Trident nuclear deterrent but also support the defense industry with “ambitious global programs,” including local construction of Type 31 frigates and local production of the Boxer armored vehicle.

In December, the Royal Navy commissioned the second new Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carrier, HMS Prince of Wales, in a further step toward restoring the country’s carrier capability. Following operational trials in the fall off the Eastern U.S., more are planned around the UK during 2020, paving the way for the first operational deployment in May 2021.

The UK plans to have 35 F-35s in service by the end of 2022, and the government has committed to buying all of the 138 F-35s it planned to purchase when it joined the JSF program in the early 2000s. Whether that commitment is met and if the UK will purchase additional variants could be determined in a strategic defense and security review planned for 2020. 

With the retirement of the Panavia Tornado last March, the Eurofighter Typhoon fleet has become the heavy-lifter of the UK’s air defense mission and is continuing air strikes against Islamic State group sites in Iraq and Syria along with the UK’s MQ-9 Reaper unmanned aircraft systems. 

The UK now is stepping up development of a Typhoon replacement  for the mid-2030s with the Tempest future combat air system, supported by Italy and Sweden. More nations could join in 2020, with Japan a key target. And with delivery of the first of nine Boeing P-8 maritime patrollers, the UK is back in the long-range antisubmarine-warfare business, with an initial operating capability expected in April. 


Sur le même sujet

  • Quand l'armée française vole au secours de l'aéronautique

    2 novembre 2020 | International, Aérospatial

    Quand l'armée française vole au secours de l'aéronautique

    HASSAN MEDDAH L’aéronautique militaire sera-t-elle la planche de salut des sous-traitants mis en grande difficulté par la crise du secteur aérien ? À l’occasion de la présentation du volet Défense du projet de loi de finances 2021, la ministre des Armées Florence Parly a annoncé de nouvelles commandes, soit 12 Rafale au profit de l’armée de l’air et 10 hélicoptères NH90 pour les forces spéciales. La commande des Rafale va apporter un ballon d’oxygène à l’ensemble du tissu industriel mobilisé pour l’appareil de combat tricolore, soit 7 000 salariés répartis dans 500 entreprises en France. L’achat des hélicoptères va soutenir l’activité d’Airbus, de Thales et de Safran et de leurs sous-traitants. Dès juin, Florence Parly avait endossé l’uniforme de bon soldat du plan de soutien à la filière aéronautique. "Soutenir l’industrie aéronautique, c’est épauler la remontée en puissance de l’économie française tout entière", avait-elle déclaré. Les armées avaient accéléré leurs achats pour un montant de 600 millions d’euros. De quoi sauvegarder plus de 1 200 emplois pendant trois ans sur l’ensemble du territoire. Faut-il y voir aussi un juste retour des choses ? L’effort de la nation pour ses armées est des plus significatifs. Après quatre années de forte augmentation, le budget de la Défense va culminer à 39,2 milliards d’euros en 2021, soit 7 milliards de plus qu’en 2017 ! https://www.usinenouvelle.com/article/quand-l-armee-francaise-vole-au-secours-de-l-aeronautique.N1015164

  • La Côte d’Ivoire rejoint le cercle des opérateurs du C295

    22 janvier 2019 | International, Aérospatial

    La Côte d’Ivoire rejoint le cercle des opérateurs du C295

    @AirbusDefence #C295   Madrid, le 21 janvier 2019 - Le ministère ivoirien de la Défense a passé auprès d’Airbus une commande ferme portant sur un avion de transport moyen C295.   L’appareil, en configuration de transport, permettra aux forces aériennes de la Côte d’Ivoire d’étendre leurs capacités grâce à son excellente performance éprouvée par temps chaud et dans des conditions difficiles, et des coûts d’exploitation et de maintenance réduits.   Bernhard Brenner, Directeur Ventes et Marketing d’Airbus Defence and Space, a déclaré : « Le C295 a démontré ses performances exceptionnelles dans les conditions extrêmes propres à l’Afrique subsaharienne. Cet appareil changera la donne pour la Côte d’Ivoire, et nous sommes vraiment fiers que notre famille C295 compte désormais un nouvel opérateur. »   Avec cette nouvelle commande, la Côte d’Ivoire est le 28e pays à exploiter le C295. Airbus Defence and Space a vendu 91 appareils dans 17 pays d’Afrique. La flotte de C295 s’étoffe notamment en Afrique du Nord et de l’Ouest, où ont été enregistrées 35 commandes émanant d’Égypte, d’Algérie, du Ghana et du Mali.   ***   A propos d’Airbus Airbus est un leader mondial de l’aéronautique, de l’espace et des services associés. En 2017, le groupe a réalisé un chiffre d’affaires de 59 milliards d’euros sous IFRS 15 avec un effectif d’environ 129 000 personnes. Airbus propose la famille d’avions de ligne la plus complète qui soit, de 100 à plus de 600 sièges. Airbus est, en outre, le leader européen dans le domaine des avions de mission, de ravitaillement en vol, de combat, et de transport. Par ailleurs, l’entreprise est également un leader de l’industrie spatiale. Enfin, dans le domaine des hélicoptères, Airbus propose les solutions civiles et militaires les plus performantes au monde. https://www.airbus.com/newsroom/press-releases/fr/2019/01/ivory-coast-joins-the-family-of-c295-operators.html

  • Contract Awards by US Department of Defense - June 10, 2020

    11 juin 2020 | International, Aérospatial, Naval, Terrestre, C4ISR, Sécurité

    Contract Awards by US Department of Defense - June 10, 2020

    ARMY General Dynamics Land Systems, Sterling Heights, Michigan, was awarded a $2,477,329,768 fixed-price-incentive contract for the production of Stryker Double V-Hull A1 engineering change proposal vehicles. Bids were solicited via the internet with one received. Work locations and funding will be determined with each order, with an estimated completion date of April 30, 2027. U.S. Army Contracting Command, Detroit Arsenal, Michigan, is the contracting activity (W56HZV-20-D-0005). Lockheed Martin Corp., Grand Prairie, Texas, was awarded a $1,042,250,000 modification (P00001) to contract W31P4Q-20-C-0023 for incidental services, hardware, facilities, equipment, and all technical, planning, management, manufacturing, and testing efforts to produce Phased Array Tracking Radar to Intercept on Target Advanced Capability-3 missiles. Bids were solicited via the internet with one received. Work will be performed in Huntsville, Alabama; Camden, Arkansas; Chelmsford, Massachusetts; Grand Prairie, Texas; and Lufkin, Texas, with an estimated completion date of Oct. 31, 2024. Fiscal 2020 missile procurement, Army; and Foreign Military Sales (Bahrain, Germany, Poland, Qatar, Romania, Republic of Korea, United Arab Emirates) funds in the amount of $1,042,250,000 were obligated at the time of the award. U.S. Army Contracting Command, Redstone Arsenal, Alabama, is the contracting activity. Richard Group LLC,* Glenview, Illinois (W912QR-20-D-0026); Iron Mike Construction,* Centennial, Colorado (W912QR-20-D-0027); and AMI & LGC JV LLC,* Andover, Kansas (W912QR-20-D-0028), will compete for each order of the $45,000,000 firm-fixed-price contract for construction services for the Great Lakes and Ohio River Division mission boundaries. Bids were solicited via the internet with 15 received. Work locations and funding will be determined with each order, with an estimated completion date of June 9, 2023. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Louisville, Kentucky, is the contracting activity. Seres-Arcadis SB JV LLC,* Charleston, South Carolina, was awarded a $9,625,000 firm-fixed-price contract to perform optimized remediation for the Air Force. Bids were solicited via the internet with six received. Work will be performed at Joint Base Andrews, Maryland, with an estimated completion date of June 9, 2029. Fiscal 2020-2029 operations and maintenance, Army funds in the amount of $9,625,000 were obligated at the time of the award. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Baltimore, Maryland, is the contracting activity (W912DR-20-C-0011). NAVY General Dynamics Mission Systems, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, is awarded a $104,214,429 cost-plus-incentive-fee, cost-plus-fixed-fee, and cost-no-fee contract (N00030-20-C-0003) for fiscal 2020-2023 Columbia (US01) and Dreadnought ballistic missile submarine class development, production and installation requirement.  Work will be performed in Pittsfield, Massachusetts (90%); the United Kingdom (6%); Quonset Point, Rhode Island (3%); and Groton, Connecticut (1%).  Work is expected to be complete by November 2024.  Fiscal 2020 shipbuilding and conversion (Navy) funds in the amount of $26,390,000; United Kingdom funds in the amount of $10,727,082; and fiscal 2020 research, development, test and evaluation (Navy) funds in the amount of $2,210,541 are obligated on this award, and no funds will expire at the end of the current fiscal year.  This contract is being awarded to the contractor on a sole-source basis under 10 U.S. Code 2304(c)(1) and four were previously synopsized on the Federal Business Opportunities website.  Strategic Systems Programs, Washington, D.C., is the contracting activity. BAE Systems, Information and Electronic Systems Integration Inc., Greenlawn, New York, is awarded a $58,738,453 firm-fixed-price, indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity contract.  This contract provides for the manufacture, test and delivery of 239 Mode 5 capable RT-1763C/D AN/APX-111(V) combined interrogator transponders and 397 spare shop replaceable assemblies for the F/A-18 Super Hornet series and Boeing EA-18G Growler warfare aircraft for the Navy and the government of Canada.  Work will be performed in Greenlawn, New York (84%); and Austin, Texas (16%), and is expected to be complete by December 2025.  No funds will be obligated at the time of award.  Funds will be obligated on individual orders as they are issued.  This contract was not competitively procured pursuant to Federal Acquisition Regulation 6.302-1.  The Naval Air Systems Command, Patuxent River, Maryland, is the contracting activity (N00019-20-D-0002). Cardno – Amec Foster Wheeler JV, Charlottesville, Virginia, is awarded $50,000,000 for a firm-fixed-price, indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity, architect-engineering contract with a maximum amount of $50,000,000 for Marine Corps (USMC) facility assessments utilizing the BUILDER Sustainment Management System at various USMC installations worldwide.  No task orders are being issued at this time.  Work will be performed at various USMC facilities worldwide:  North Carolina (31%); Japan (25%); California (22%); Hawaii (7%); Virginia (5%); South Carolina (4%); Georgia (3%); Arizona (2%); and Republic of Korea (1%).  The work to be performed provides for condition assessments of facilities approximately 20 million square feet and greater annually and BUILDER is utilized for major building component systems, data input, data analysis and interpretation, remote entry database and web-based BUILDER.  It is also used for assessment and management training; other knowledge-based sustainment management system facility assessments and training; other specialized engineering assessments and studies for site facilities; conventional or deficiency-based facility assessments and training; life-cycle, space utilization and functionality assessments; and short and long range maintenance planning.  Work is expected to be complete by June 2025.  Fiscal 2020 operations and maintenance (Marine Corps) (O&M, MC) contract funds in the amount of $5,000 are obligated on this award and will expire at the end of the current fiscal year.  Future task orders will be primarily funded by O&M, MC.  This contract was competitively procured via the Navy Electronic Commerce Online website and four proposals were received.  The Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Southwest, San Diego, California, is the contracting activity (N62473-20-D-0615). Communications and Power Industries, Palo Alto, California, is awarded a $43,798,135 firm-fixed-price requirements contract for the repair of continuous wave illuminator traveling wave tubes in support of the Aegis Combat System.  Work will be performed in Palo Alto, California, and is expected to be complete by June 2025.  The contract includes a five-year base period with no options.  Annual working capital funds (Navy) will be obligated as individual task orders are issued and funds will not expire at the end of the current fiscal year.  One company was solicited for this sole-source requirement under authority 10 U.S. Code 2304 (c)(1), and one offer was received.  The Naval Supply Systems Command, Weapon Systems Support, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania, is the contracting activity (N00104-20-D-VD01). Machine Tools USA Inc.,* Mathews, Virginia (N68936-20-D-0014); Machine Tool Marketing Inc.,* Bixby, Oklahoma (N68936-20-D-0015); and Pacific IC Source,* Yucaipa, California (N68936-20-D-0016), are awarded $25,000,000 for indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity contracts in support of the Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division.  Work will be performed at the contractor’s locations.  These contracts provide various types of plant and laboratory tools, analytical and diagnostic equipment, work holding devices and peripheral equipment for conventional and computer numerically controlled equipment in support of advanced technology products for the Energetics Department.  The estimated aggregate ceiling for all contracts is $25,000,000, with the companies having an opportunity to compete for individual orders.  Work is expected to be completed in June 2025.  No funds are being obligated at time of award; funds will be obligated on individual orders as they are issued.  These contracts were competitively procured via an electronic request for proposals and three offers were received.  The Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division, China Lake, California, is the contracting activity. ETM-Electromatic Inc.,* Newark, California, is awarded a $9,500,000 firm-fixed-price, indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity contract with a ceiling of $9,500,000 for the procurement of supplies and engineering services required for the modulator procurement, other spare parts and services for repairs and upgrades for ETM High Power Modulators.  Work will be performed in Newark, California (75%); Crane, Indiana (8.4%); Palo Alto, California (8.3%); and Rancho Cordova, California (8.3%).  These modulators are used to simulate operating conditions so microwave devices can be evaluated outside of their normal systems.  These modulators allow the operator to safely and accurately evaluate a microwave device in a lab-controlled environment.  The use of the microwave devices is critical in maintaining the radars aboard Navy ships in operational status.  Work is expected to be complete by June 2025.  Fiscal 2020 other procurement (Navy) funding in the amount of $30,662 will be obligated at time of award and will not expire at the end of the current fiscal year.  This contract was not competitively procured via the Federal Business Opportunities website in accordance with 10 U.S. Code 2304(c)(1).  This contract was not competitively procured and only one responsible source and no other supplies or services will satisfy agency requirements.  The Naval Surface Warfare Center, Crane Division, Crane, Indiana, is the contracting activity (N00164-20-D-WP60). UPDATE:  An indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity, multiple award design-build/design-bid-build construction contract announced on Jan. 31, 2020, with a combined value of $990,000,000, has added HHM Laulima Constructors JV, Honolulu, Hawaii (N62478-20-D-4013); Nan Inc., Honolulu, Hawaii (N62478-20-D-4014); and TNT Constructors, Bremerton, Washington (N62478-20-D-4015), as three of 10 awardees to design-build and design-bid-build construction projects located within the Naval Facilities Engineering Command Hawaii area of operations. DEFENSE ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS AGENCY Blue Canyon Technologies Inc.,* Boulder, Colorado, has been awarded a $14,183,250 cost-plus-fixed-fee contract for the Blackjack Track B (Bus) Phases 2 and 3 program.  Work will be performed in Boulder, Colorado, with an estimated completion date of June 2021.  Fiscal 2020 research and development funds in the amount of $10,282,600 are being obligated at the time of award.  This contract is a competitive acquisition in accordance with the original broad agency announcement HR0011-18-S-0032.  The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Arlington, Virginia, is the contracting activity (HR0011-20-C-0094). DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY Sea Box Inc.,* Cinnaminson, New Jersey, has been awarded a maximum $7,799,220 firm-fixed-price contract for commercial shipping and storage containers.  This was a competitive acquisition with 15 responses received.  This is a one-year contract with no option periods.  Locations of performance are New Jersey and Republic of Korea, with a March 15, 2021, performance completion date.  Using customer is Army.  Type of appropriation is fiscal 2020 through 2021 defense working capital funds.  The contracting activity is the Defense Logistics Agency Troop Support, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (SPE8ED-20-C-0006). *Small Business https://www.defense.gov/Newsroom/Contracts/Contract/Article/2215443/source/GovDelivery/

Toutes les nouvelles