3 mars 2021 | Local, Naval

DND refuses to change course on warship project even as price rises to $77 billion | The Chronicle Herald

DND refuses to change course on warship project even as price rises to $77 billion | The Chronicle Herald

Despite warnings that its new warship fleet continues to rise in cost, national defence is refusing to make changes to the $77-billion project. It has instead launched a PR campaign to highlight the proposed new ship, the Type 26 from the

https://www.thechronicleherald.ca/news/canada/dnd-refuses-to-change-course-on-warship-project-even-as-price-rises-to-77-billion-558496/

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  • Cybersécurité dans l'espace : investissement du gouvernement du Canada dans la technologie quantique

    17 juin 2019 | Local, Aérospatial, Sécurité, Autre défense

    Cybersécurité dans l'espace : investissement du gouvernement du Canada dans la technologie quantique

    Agence spatiale canadienne   LONGUEUIL, QC, le 14 juin 2019 /CNW Telbec/ - Pour protéger l'économie numérique du Canada, il faut empêcher les pirates informatiques d'avoir accès aux données. La cybersécurité est une priorité du gouvernement du Canada. La mission satellitaire canadienne QEYSSat (pour Quantum Encryption and Science Satellite) aura recours à la technologie quantique pour protéger les télécommunications dans l'espace. L'Agence spatiale canadienne accorde un contrat de 30 millions de dollars à l'entreprise Honeywell pour la conception et toutes les étapes de la réalisation de la mission QEYSSat.  Les méthodes de chiffrement actuelles devraient être dépassées d'ici une dizaine d'années à cause de la puissance de traitement exceptionnelle des ordinateurs quantiques. QEYSSat, dont le lancement est prévu pour 2022, fera la démonstration de la technologie de distribution quantique de clés (DQC) par satellite. Cette technologie de chiffrement en émergence offrira au Canadaune méthode encore plus efficace de sécuriser la transmission d'informations. Dans le cadre du contrat, l'entreprise Honeywell sera chargée des activités suivantes liées à QEYSSat : construction, tests, livraison, formation des opérateurs et mise en service. Le satellite servira de lien dans l'espace pour transmettre des clés de chiffrement entre les stations terrestres. Le travail de l'entreprise devrait se poursuivre jusqu'à la fin de 2022. La mission QEYSSat est le point culminant d'une série d'activités de recherche et de développement technologique réalisées par l'Institut d'informatique quantique avec le soutien du gouvernement du Canada. Grâce à QEYSSat, le Canada sera de plus en plus près de disposer d'un service de télécommunications quantique opérationnel dans l'espace et d'une technologie de pointe pour l'aider à respecter ses priorités en matière de cybersécurité. Les leçons tirées de la mission QEYSSat serviront au développement de futurs systèmes opérationnels pour le gouvernement qui assureront aux Canadiens un accès très sûr aux services. La sécurité renforcée autour des activités en ligne et des transactions financières de tous les jours, comme au guichet automatique bancaire, figure parmi les applications commerciales visées. En plus de respecter le principe de la sécurité de la Charte canadienne du numérique, cette mission s'inscrit dans le Plan pour l'innovation et les compétences et la nouvelle Stratégie spatiale pour le Canada du gouvernement du Canada puisqu'elle permettra de sécuriser les futures télécommunications et de renforcer la sécurité et la souveraineté nationales. Citation « La mission QEYSSat constitue une autre étape du plan de notre gouvernement de veiller à ce qu'au Canada, les citoyens soient sûrs que leurs données et leurs renseignements personnels sont protégés. Le développement de ces nouvelles technologies offrira aussi un grand potentiel de transformation des marchés et permettra d'établir une économie solide qui profitera à tous. » L'honorable Navdeep Bains, ministre de l'Innovation, des Sciences et du Développement économique En bref Les ordinateurs quantiques seront plusieurs millions de fois plus rapides que les ordinateurs actuels. Ils pourront donc déchiffrer rapidement les mots de passe, les numéros d'identification personnels et les autres mesures de protection actuelles, ce qui accroit la vulnérabilité des renseignements confidentiels et personnels. La technologie actuelle de distribution quantique de clés (DQC) nécessite des câbles à fibres optiques au sol, où une clé ne peut être distribuée plus loin que 200 kilomètres. QEYSSat vise à démontrer la DQC entre un satellite et un réseau de stations terrestres, ce qui permettrait de surmonter cette limite de distance. En testant et en faisant la démonstration de la DQC dans l'espace, l'Agence spatiale canadienne veut fournir une plateforme spatiale gouvernementale aux intervenants fédéraux et au milieu scientifique canadien. Le budget de 2017 prévoit 80,9 millions de dollars pour l'Agence spatiale canadienne afin de soutenir la réalisation de nouveaux projets et l'utilisation d'innovations canadiennes dans l'espace, comme la mission QEYSSat de chiffrement et de science quantiques. La mission appuiera les capacités émergentes du Canada dans le domaine de la distribution quantique de clés, qui pourrait assurer la sécurité des télécommunications à l'aide de codes de chiffrement impossibles à pirater. La valeur du contrat (30 millions de dollars) ne comprend pas les taxes. https://www.newswire.ca/fr/news-releases/cybersecurite-dans-l-espace-investissement-du-gouvernement-du-canada-dans-la-technologie-quantique-884578930.html

  • $1 billion and counting: Inside Canada's troubled efforts to build new warships

    25 février 2020 | Local, Naval

    $1 billion and counting: Inside Canada's troubled efforts to build new warships

    Federal government tables figures showing what it's spent on the projects to date Murray Brewster  The federal government has spent slightly more than $1.01 billion over the last seven years on design and preparatory contracts for the navy's new frigates and supply ships — and the projects still haven't bought anything that floats. The figures, tabled recently in Parliament, represent the first comprehensive snapshot of what has been spent thus far on the frequently-delayed project to build replacement warships. It's an enormous amount of money for two programs that have been operating for more than a decade with little to show for their efforts to date. It will be years before the Canadian Surface Combatant project — which aims to replace the navy's frontline frigates with 15 state-of-the-art vessels — and the Joint Support Ship program for two replenishment vessels actually deliver warships. The numbers and details for each advance contract were produced in the House of Commons in response to written questions from the Conservative opposition. The money was divided almost evenly between the federal government's two go-to shipyards: Irving Shipbuilding in Halifax, the prime contractor for the new frigates, and Seaspan of Vancouver, the builder of the supply ships. The breakdown raises critical questions about at least one of the programs, said a defence analyst, but it also shines a light on promises made by both Liberal and Conservative governments to keep spending under control for both of these projects — which could end up costing more than $64 billion. "I think there should be a level of concern [among the public] about whether or not what's being delivered in practice is what was advertised at the outset," said Dave Perry, a procurement expert and vice president of the Canadian Global Affairs Institute. A design still in flux Most of his concerns revolve around the new support ships, which the Liberal government says are in the process of being built now. The written responses, tabled in Parliament, note that the projected cost for the two supply ships — $3.4 billion — remains under review "as the design effort finalizes." Perry said he was astonished to learn that, "seven years and half-a-billion dollars into design work on an off-the-shelf design," the navy doesn't have the support ships, even though "the middle third of the ship is built" — and officials now say "the design effort isn't finished." Usually, he said, ships are designed before they're built. The head of the Department of National Defence's materiel branch said most of the preparatory contracts were needed to re-establish a Canadian shipbuilding industry that had been allowed to wither. 'A lot of patience' "I think we have to look at the totality of everything that's being accomplished under" the national shipbuilding strategy, said Troy Crosby, assistant deputy minister of materiel at DND. "Over that period of time, and with these expenditures, we've built a shipbuilding capability on two coasts, not just through National Defence but also through the coast guard, offshore fisheries science vessels. I understand it has taken a lot of patience, I suppose, and probably some uncertainty, but we're really getting to the point now where we can see delivering these capabilities to the navy." The largest cash outlays involve what's known as definition contracts, which went individually to both shipyards and were in excess of $330 million each. They're meant to cover the supervision of the projects and — more importantly — to help convert pre-existing warship designs purchased by the federal government to Canadian standards. The choices on each project were made at different times by different governments, but ministers serving both Liberal and Conservative governments decided that going with proven, off-the-shelf designs would be faster and less expensive than building from scratch. Now, after all the delays, it's still not clear that choosing off-the-shelf designs has saved any money. "I would be completely speculating on what it would cost to invest to develop the kind of expertise and capacity inside the government, inside National Defence and everybody involved, to be able to do something like that in-house," said Crosby. "The approach we've taken at this point, by basing both the Joint Support Ship and the Canadian Surface Combatant on pre-existing designs, allows us to retire a lot of risk in the way forward." When Crosby talks about "retiring risk," he's talking about the potential for further delays and cost overruns. Among the contracts, Irving Shipbuilding was given $136 million to support the drawing up of the design tender for the new frigates and to pay for the shipbuilding advice Irving was giving the federal government throughout the bidding process. Years ago, the federal government had enough in-house expertise to dispense with private sector guidance — but almost all of that expertise was lost over the past two decades as successive federal governments cut the defence and public works branches that would have done that work. The last time Canada built major warships was in the 1990s, when the current fleet of 12 patrol frigates was inaugurated. The federal government has chosen to base its new warships on the BAE Systems Type-26 design, which has been selected by the Royal Navy and the Royal Australian Navy. The hull and propulsion system on the new frigates will be "largely unchanged" from the British design, but the combat system will be different and uniquely Canadian, said Crosby. The project is still on track to start cutting steel for the new combat ships in 2023. Crosby said he would not speculate on when the navy will take delivery of the first one. Delivery of the joint support ships is expected to be staggered, with the first one due in 2024. There will be a two-year gap between ships, said Crosby, as the navy and the yard work through any technical issues arising with the first ship. If that timeline holds, the first support ship will arrive two decades after it was first proposed and announced by the Liberal government of former prime minister Paul Martin. https://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/frigates-joint-supply-ships-navy-procurement-canada-1.5474312

  • Quebec defends $30 million Flying Whales investment

    18 février 2020 | Local, Aérospatial

    Quebec defends $30 million Flying Whales investment

    The Quebec government is defending its decision to invest $30 million in a project to build blimps or airships to transport heavy equipment and supplies to remote areas of the province that lack roads. In June, the government announced it was buying a minority stake in French blimp manufacturer Flying Whales that plans to build a production facility in the Montreal area within five years. The French company is developing a 150-metre-long airship capable of carrying up to 60 tonnes of cargo. Terms of the agreement were not disclosed. Quebec will join France and China as shareholders in the company founded in 2012. Flying Whales is working with Pratt & Whitney Canada (PWC) on a propulsion system that would be adapted from existing helicopter turbines. A spokesperson for PWC confirmed the company is a partner in the project, but said it is still too early in the process to add further comment. “I’m not even sure we’ve signed a contract with Flying Whales, but it’s something very different than what’s out there and we’re always looking to be involved in advanced projects,” said Catherine Cunningham, assistant director, Public Relations and Communications at PWC. However, Quebec opposition parties are demanding access to a study that supports the project, claiming it’s not economically feasible. In 2017, the previous Liberal government declined to partner with Flying Whales for a similar project. But the current Quebec government claims the new project is better laid out and is supported by many sources that were not identified. This isn’t the first time a company has tried to build airships in the province. In 2015, LTA Aerostructures, a Montreal-based company with American and Canadian backers, announced plans to build a $60 million production facility in Mirabel to build airships capable of transporting up to 70 million tonnes of cargo. However, the plant was never built and the company’s website is no longer active. https://www.skiesmag.com/news/quebec-defends-30-million-flying-whales-investment

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