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March 23, 2020 | International, Aerospace, Naval, Land, C4ISR, Security

La France, troisième exportateur mondial d'armes

Selon l’Institut international de recherche pour la paix de Stockholm (le Sipri), l’Hexagone est devenu le troisième plus gros exportateur d’armes sur la période 2015-2019, assurant 7,9 % des livraisons mondiales.

Seuls les États-Unis (36 %) et la Russie (21 %) font mieux. En revanche, la France dépasse la Chine et l’Allemagne, respectivement troisième et quatrième sur la période précédente (2010-2014). Cela se traduit dans les comptes des entreprises françaises de l’armement, secteur qui totalise 13 % des emplois industriels du pays. En livrant 26 Rafale à l’export l’an passé, Dassault Aviation a vu son chiffre d’affaires bondir de 44 % à 7,3 milliards d’euros. Thales affiche, lui, une rentabilité opérationnelle record de 14 % dans ses activités de défense et sécurité.

Selon le Sipri, la France a livré des armes à 75 États entre 2015 et 2019. L’Égypte, le Qatar et l’Inde sont les trois principaux clients captant 54 % des exportations françaises. "Les livraisons de l’avion de combat Rafale [de Dassault Aviation] à ces trois pays représentaient près d’un quart des exportations d’armes françaises en 2015-2019", détaille le Sipri. Le Moyen-Orient compte pour 52 % des exportations françaises, devant l’Asie et l’Océanie (30 %). Et les pays européens pèsent de plus en plus : ils ont représenté 25 % des exportations en 2018 contre 10 % en moyenne les années précédentes. 

https://www.usinenouvelle.com/article/la-france-troisieme-exportateur-mondial-d-armes.N941696

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