17 février 2020 | International, Aérospatial, Naval, Terrestre, C4ISR, Sécurité

Plus forte hausse depuis dix ans pour les dépenses militaires mondiales

(Munich) Les dépenses militaires mondiales ont connu l’an dernier leur hausse la plus élevée depuis dix ans, sur fond de rivalités croissantes et de ce que le chef de l’État allemand a qualifié de « dynamique destructrice » au plan mondial.

La progression a atteint au total 4 %, selon le rapport annuel de l’institut IISS publié vendredi peu avant le début de la Conférence sur la sécurité de Munich.

En ouverture de cette grand-messe annuelle internationale sur les questions de défense, le président allemand Frank-Walter Steinmeier a planté le décor.

« Année après année, nous nous éloignons de l’objectif d’une coopération internationale visant à créer un monde pacifique », a-t-il regretté.  

La « compétition des grandes puissances » gagne « toute la planète », a dit le président allemand, en critiquant l’égoïsme national répandu à ses yeux par les États-Unis de Donald Trump qui refusent « l’idée même d’une communauté internationale » .

«Course aux armements»

« Le monde ne peut pas se permettre une course aux armements », lui a fait écho la présidente démocrate de la Chambre des représentants, Nancy Pelosi, parlant d’« érosion préoccupante des cadres pour le contrôle qui ont rendu le monde sûr pendant des décennies ».

Les dépenses militaires « ont augmenté avec la sortie des économies de la crise financière (de 2008) et sous l’effet d’une perception accrue des menaces », a relevé le directeur général de l’Institut international d’études stratégiques (IISS, International Institute for Strategic Studies).

La mort du traité FNI sur les forces nucléaires intermédiaires (portée de 500 à 5500 km) en 2019 et l’extinction potentielle du traité New Start sur les armes nucléaires intercontinentales en 2021 bouscule l’ordre international post-Guerre froide, tout comme la montée en puissance de la Chine ainsi qu’une série de crises régionales, de l’Ukraine à la Libye.

Dans un tel contexte, les deux plus gros budgets militaires mondiaux, ceux des États-Unis (685 milliards de dollars) et de la Chine (181 milliards), poursuivent leur croissance exponentielle, avec une hausse de 6,6 % dans les deux pays en 2019 par rapport à 2018.

Les dépenses américaines ont augmenté à elles seules de 53,4 milliards de dollars l’an dernier, soit l’équivalent du septième budget mondial de la défense, après ceux de l’Arabie saoudite (3e), de la Russie (4e), mais avant ceux de la France (8e).

« En Europe, les inquiétudes liées à la Russie continuent d’alimenter la croissance des dépenses avec une hausse de 4,2 % par rapport à 2018 », pointe également John Chipman.

L’accroissement massif des capacités militaires chinoises est une source majeure d’inquiétude aux États-Unis comme auprès de leurs partenaires en Asie-Pacifique.

La Chine s’est aussi lancée, comme la Russie, dans le développement d’armes hypersoniques susceptibles de déjouer les défenses antimissiles adverses, met en garde l’institut londonien.  

L’armée russe a annoncé en décembre la mise en service de ses premiers missiles hypersoniques Avangard, l’une des nouvelles armes vantées par le président Vladimir Poutine comme « invincibles » et « indétectables ».

Europe bousculée

En Europe, les interrogations grandissent devant le risque de désengagement des États-Unis, de plus en plus centrés sur l’Asie-Pacifique, même si ces derniers ont renforcé pour l’heure leur présence militaire dans l’est du continent face à la Russie, tout comme dans le Golfe face aux menaces iraniennes.

Les pays membres de l’OTAN, Allemagne en tête, sont aussi budgétairement sous la pression du président américain Donald Trump qui leur réclame un effort plus massif pour arriver à l’objectif de dépenses égales à 2 % du PIB.

Après Donald Trump en 2018, le président français Emmanuel Macron a en outre « semblé jeter le doute » à son tour sur l’engagement de solidarité collective au sein de l’Alliance en cas d’agression de l’un de ses membres, rappelle l’ISS.

Il a aussi ébranlé ses partenaires en estimant l’OTAN en état de « mort cérébrale ». « Deux des trois puissances nucléaires de l’Alliance (la troisième étant le Royaume-Uni) ont ainsi semé l’incertitude sur cette question clé de la sécurité collective », souligne John Chipman.

https://www.lapresse.ca/international/202002/14/01-5261007-plus-forte-hausse-depuis-dix-ans-pour-les-depenses-militaires-mondiales.php

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  • Contract Awards by US Department of Defense - August 21, 2020

    25 août 2020 | International, Aérospatial, Naval, Terrestre, C4ISR, Sécurité, Autre défense

    Contract Awards by US Department of Defense - August 21, 2020

    ARMY TSI Inc., Shoreview, Minnesota, was awarded a $48,213,673 firm-fixed-price contract for approximately 3,500 M41A1 protection assessment test systems conformance testing certifications, technical documentation and logistics support equipment.  Bids were solicited via the internet with one received.  Work locations and funding will be determined with each order, with an estimated completion date of Aug. 20, 2025.  U.S. Army Contracting Command, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, is the contracting activity (W911SR-20-D-0003). Federal Contracting Inc., Colorado Springs, Colorado, was awarded a $41,906,264 firm-fixed-price contract for construction of a Cyberworx building at the U.S. Air Force Academy.  Bids were solicited via the internet with two received.  Work will be performed in Colorado Springs, Colorado, with an estimated completion date of July 12, 2023.  Fiscal 2020 military construction, defense-wide funds in the amount of $41,906,264 were obligated at the time of the award.  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Omaha, Nebraska, is the contracting activity (W9128F-20-C-0038). Fugro Earthdata Inc., Frederick, Maryland (W912P9-20-D-0024); and Quantum Spatial Inc., St. Petersburg, Florida (W912P9-20-D-0025), will compete for each order of the $22,666,666 firm-fixed-price contract for basic site plan mapping, land-use/land-type classification and/or change-analysis mapping.  Bids were solicited via the internet with 38 received.  Work locations and funding will be determined with each order, with an estimated completion date of Aug. 20, 2025.  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, St. Louis, Missouri, is the contracting activity. Dyncorp International LLC, Fort Worth, Texas, was awarded a $12,853,147 modification (P00071) to contract W58RGZ-19-C-0025 for aviation maintenance services.  Work will be performed in Afghanistan, with an estimated completion date of Nov. 8, 2020.  Fiscal 2020 operations and maintenance (Army) funds in the amount of $12,853,147 were obligated at the time of the award.  U.S. Army Contracting Command, Redstone Arsenal, Alabama, is the contracting activity. AIR FORCE Raytheon Missile and Defense, Tucson, Arizona, has been awarded a $21,803,804 cost-plus-fixed-fee contract for sustainment services associated with the ADM-160B, ADM-160C and C-1 Miniature Air Launched Decoy Jammer.  Work will be performed in Tucson, Arizona, and is expected to be completed May 14, 2023.  This award is the result of a sole-source acquisition.  Fiscal 2020 operations and maintenance funds in the amount of $1,500,000 are being obligated at the time of award.  Air Force Life Cycle Management Center, Robins Air Force Base, Georgia, is the contracting activity (FA8520-20-D-0005). NAVY BAE Systems Surface Ships Limited, Portsmouth, United Kingdom, is awarded a $19,914,240 firm-fixed-price, cost-plus-fixed-fee, and cost-only contract for Archerfish Destructor full rate production, maintenance and associated technical services.  The work to be performed under this contract will include maintenance, spare and repair parts and evolution of the Archerfish Destructors.  BAE Systems will manage the destructor configuration as well as integrate new or upgraded capability and assess the destructor configuration for application to in-service upgrade efforts.  This contract includes options which, if exercised, would bring the cumulative maximum value of this contract to $189,268,826.  Work will be performed in Portsmouth, United Kingdom (86 %); Marseille, France (8 %); and Rocket Center, West Virginia (6 %), and is expected to be complete by January 2023.  Fiscal 2019 weapons procurement (Navy) (62%); 2020 weapons procurement (Navy) (28%); 2020 operations and maintenance (Navy) (9%); and 2018 weapons procurement (Navy) (1%) funding in the amount of $19,914,240 will be obligated at the time of award, of which $1,793,874 will expire at the end of the current fiscal year.  This contract was not competitively procured in accordance with 10 U.S. Code 2304(c)(1), this contract was awarded on a sole-source basis (only one responsible source and no other supplies or services will satisfy agency requirements).  The Naval Sea Systems Command, Washington, D.C., is the contracting activity (N00024-20-C-6407). MNDPI Pacific JV, Honolulu, Hawaii, is being awarded a not-to-exceed value of $14,000,000 task order (N62742-20-F-0339) as an undefinitized contract under an indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity contract for various structural and waterfront projects and other projects at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam.  The work to be performed provides architect-engineer services to conduct a geotechnical investigation in the area west of Dry Dock 3.  The investigation is being done to provide data for a proposed future project to construct a new dry dock.  All work will be performed in Honolulu, Hawaii, and is expected to be completed by July 2022.  Fiscal 2020 military construction (planning and design) contract funds in the amount of $14,000,000 are obligated on this award and will not expire at the end of the current fiscal year.  The Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Pacific, Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Hawaii, is the contracting activity (N62742-20-D-0004). KBR Wyle Services LLC, Lexington Park, Maryland, is awarded an $8,740,605 cost-plus-fixed-fee, cost contract to provide technical assistance, program management, engineering, financial and logistics support for the integrated product teams that acquire and sustain F-18 series aircraft for Foreign Military Sales (FMS) customers and the governments of Finland and Kuwait.  Work will be performed in Lexington Park, Maryland (87.75%); Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (3.6%); Kuwait City, Kuwait (3.6%); North Island, California (2.6%); and Patuxent River, Maryland (2.45%), and is expected to be completed in August 2025.  FMS funds in the amount of $8,740,605 will be obligated at time of award, none of which will expire at the end of the current fiscal year.  This contract was not competitively procured pursuant to 10 U.S. Code 2304(f)(2)(E).  The Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division, Patuxent River, Maryland, is the contracting activity (N00421-20-C-0032). Lockheed Martin Corp., Fort Worth, Texas, is awarded a $7,955,000 cost, cost-share order (N00019-20-F-0565) against basic ordering agreement N00019-19-G-0008.  This order is to consolidate Lots 12-14 known issues, funding and requirements on a single contract vehicle to ensure the most fiscally responsible business deals for customers.  This supports concurrency related modification and retrofit activities for delivered air systems for the F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter aircraft for non-Department of Defense (DOD) participants and Foreign Military Sales (FMS) customers.  Work will be performed in Fort Worth, Texas and is expected to be completed in December 2025.  Non-DOD participant funds in the amount of $6,235,000; and FMS funds in the amount of $1,720,000 will be obligated at time of award, none of which will expire at the end of the current fiscal year.  The Naval Air Systems Command, Patuxent River, Maryland, is the contracting activity. DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY Boeing Distribution Services Inc., Miami, Florida, has been awarded a maximum $19,818,043 firm-fixed-price, requirements type prospective-price-determination contract for supply chain management, logistics support and individually priced parts.  This was a sole-source acquisition using 10 U.S. Code 2304 (c)(1), as stated in Federal Acquisition Regulation 6.302-1.  This is a five-year base contract with one five-year option period.  Location of performance is Florida, with an Aug. 20, 2025, performance completion date.  Using military services are Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps.  Type of appropriation is fiscal 2020 through 2025 defense working capital funds.  The Defense Logistics Agency, Aviation, Richmond, Virginia, is the contracting activity (SPE4AX-20-D-9412). MISSILE DEFENSE AGENCY Lockheed Martin Rotary and Mission Systems, Moorestown, New Jersey, is being awarded an $18,836,895 sole-source, cost-plus-fixed-fee modification (P00375) under previously awarded Aegis Combat Weapon System development contract HQ0276-10-C-0001.  The total value of the contract increases from $3,274,230,310, to $3,293,067,205; $65,039,414 of which was obligated for Aegis Ashore Japan (under Contract Line Item Number 0135) and increases to $83,876,309.  Under this modification, the contractor will continue performing engineering design support and analysis of alternative services necessary for continuation of planning efforts and risk reduction efforts required to support the Aegis Ashore Japan analysis of alternatives and Foreign Military Sales.  The work will be performed in Moorestown, New Jersey, with an expected completion date of Dec. 31, 2020.  Funds from the government of Japan in the amount of $18,836,895 are being obligated at the time of award.  The Missile Defense Agency, Dahlgren, Virginia, is the contracting activity. *Small Business https://www.defense.gov/Newsroom/Contracts/Contract/Article/2321448/

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    3 mai 2021 | International, Aérospatial, Naval, Terrestre, C4ISR, Sécurité

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  • Army to hold competition to build ventilators for COVID-19 emergency response

    14 avril 2020 | International, Terrestre

    Army to hold competition to build ventilators for COVID-19 emergency response

    By: Jen Judson  WASHINGTON — The Army’s acquisition chief, Bruce Jette, has directed the Army’s Expeditionary Technology Search program to hold a competition for solutions to rapidly build ventilators to support the COVID-19 virus emergency response, according to an April 9 service statement. Addressing the United States’ ventilator shortage needed to treat severe cases of COVID-19, the xTechSearch team will tap industry for innovative approaches to building an inexpensive, emergency ventilator “that requires minimal components and is designed for simplified mass production,” the statement reads. The competition will be open to “any American business, regardless of size,” the statement notes. The team will begin accepting virtual pitches from competitors starting April 13. “Novel solutions” will win a prize of $5,000 to present pitches of the concepts virtually to a panel of judges, according to the statement. The Army will then award $100,000 cash prizes to winning solutions to develop concept prototypes, it adds. Some technologies could receive follow-on contracts for further production and deployment. "The technology solution must provide a rapid-response breathing apparatus capable of short-term, rugged field operation in a small footprint that will support field hospitals," Zeke Topolosky, the Army xTechSearch program manager, said in the statement. The statement did not detail how rapidly technologies should move from concept to prototype to production. xTechSearch is a competition sponsored by the Army’s acquisition branch “targeting small businesses to uncover novel dual-use science and technology solutions,” according to the program’s website. “The competition aims to tackle the Army’s most critical modernization challenges supporting the top Army focus areas.” https://www.defensenews.com/land/2020/04/09/army-to-hold-competition-to-build-ventilators-for-covid-19-emergency-response/

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