2 mai 2022 | International, Aérospatial, Naval, Terrestre, C4ISR, Sécurité

Les dépenses militaires s’engagent aussi pour la croissance

Les budgets militaires de nombreux pays augmentent, dans le contexte récent du conflit en Ukraine mais également depuis quelques années, non sans conséquences économiques. L’idée est communément admise que dépenser plus pour l’armement nuit à la croissance, en privant de moyens un gouvernement qui souhaiterait investir dans un autre secteur de son économie. Le lien n’est pourtant pas direct. La preuve a été faite que l’augmentation des budgets militaires procure de substantiels bénéfices économiques. Israël qui dépense 6% de son PIB dans sa Défense est aussi le pays de l’OCDE dont la croissance est la plus dynamique, les dépenses militaires pouvant doper la croissance grâce à leur impact sur l’emploi. La Défense a aussi un impact positif en constituant une forme non déclarée de politique industrielle : une étude sur les pays de l’OCDE, menée par Enrico Moretti, de l’université de Californie à Berkeley, montre qu’une augmentation de 10% des dépenses publiques en Recherche et Développement entraine une augmentation de 5% de la Recherche et Développement privée. Néanmoins, si ces investissements peuvent être des moteurs de la croissance, paix et stabilité restent deux éléments fondamentaux d’une économie prospère. 

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  • Boeing offre un plus à l’armée australienne: Loyal Wingman, un drone  lourd fait d’IA

    5 mars 2019 | International, Aérospatial

    Boeing offre un plus à l’armée australienne: Loyal Wingman, un drone lourd fait d’IA

    Par Perspectives Med Le salon professionnel aéronautique international organisé à Melbourne « Avalon 2019 » réserve bien des surprises. Ainsi, Boeing vient de dévoiler son projet Airpower Teaming System qui n’est autre qu’un drone à vocation militaire doté d’intelligence artificielle. Sur le stand de Boeing, une maquette de cet appareil, dont le concept sera baptisé Loyal Wingman, dévoilait des lignes conçues pour atténuer la signature radar de l’appareil. Cet avion sans pilote de 11,7 mètres de longueur disposera d’un rayon d’action d’environ 3.700 kilomètres. Ses missions seraient multiples : reconnaissance, renseignement et surveillance. Il devrait également accompagner les avions de combat en soutien. Ainsi, le patron de la recherche chez Boeing a expliqué que quatre à six de ces avions pourront évoluer aux côtés d’un F/A-18 Super Hornet, l’avion de combat majoritaire des forces aériennes royales australiennes. Dans cette situation, en plus de pouvoir être télécommandé à partir du sol ou en l’air, l’appareil serait boosté par de l’intelligence artificielle pour pouvoir évoluer de façon autonome en sécurité lors des formations de vol serrées. Boeing expliquait également que pour réduire les coûts, l’avion sera propulsé par un seul réacteur provenant de l’aviation civile. L’appareil sera développé entièrement par la filiale australienne de Boeing. Pour l’avionneur, ce sera d’ailleurs le plus grand budget consacré à un programme de drone en dehors des États-Unis. Ce développement sera soutenu par un investissement de près de 30 millions de dollars américains de la part du département de la défense du pays. Le premier vol de démonstration est prévu dès 2020, pour aboutir dans la foulée à la production en série d’un Airpower Teaming System directement opérationnel. http://www.perspectivesmed.ma/boeing-offre-un-plus-a-larmee-australienne-loyal-wingman-un-drone-lourd-fait-dia/

  • GE awarded $180 million contract to support T700 engines

    25 juin 2020 | International, Aérospatial

    GE awarded $180 million contract to support T700 engines

    Lynn, MA, June 22, 2020 – GE Aviation has been awarded a five-year, $180 million contract by the U.S. Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division (NAWCAD) to repair and overhaul T700 rotorcraft engines in support of the U.S. Navy’s MH-60 Seahawk, and the U.S. Marine Corps’ AH-1Z Viper and Bell UH-1Y Venom/Huey helicopters. “GE is grateful for the opportunity to provide T700 overhaul and repair support to the US Navy and Marine Corps fleets for another five years,” said Harry Nahatis, vice president and general manager of GE Aviation’s Rotorcraft & Turboprop Engines. “This contract will allow GE to work closely with the Navy to improve fleet readiness while reducing cost.” Upon service entry in 1978 in the Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk, the T700 quickly proved its mettle in helicopter service, and its operational benefits also made it an ideal derivative as a turboprop powerplant. Today, the T700/CT7 family of turboshaft and turboprop engines power 15 types of helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft with more than 130 customers in more than 50 countries. The T700/CT7 family has surpassed 20,000 units delivered and more than 100 million total flight hours. The T700/CT7 engine line has become increasingly more powerful and reliable during its history. Many technological advances have been incorporated into the subsequent growth versions. Current models in the 2,000-3,000 shaft-horsepower range retain all the proven features and operating characteristics of earlier versions while delivering enhanced performance. The highly reliable T700/CT7 design has proven itself in the harshest environments, logging more than five million flight hours in hot-harsh combat zones like Iraq and Afghanistan. T700/CT7 helicopter engines power a variety of civil aviation and military applications including transport, utility and attack, medical evacuation, air rescue, firefighting, special operations and marine patrol. They serve five branches of the U.S. military, numerous international customers and civil aviation operators. Prime turboshaft applications include the Sikorsky Black Hawk, Seahawk, Jayhawk, Pave Hawk, S-70, S/H-92, CH-148, HH60-W CRH, and VIP transport helicopters; the Boeing AH-64 Apache, Bell UH-1Y Huey, AW-1Z Super Cobra,214ST Super Transport and 525 Relentless, Kaman SH-2G Super Seasprite, NHIndustries NH90, Leonardo AW101 and AW189 and KAI Surion. About GE Aviation GE Aviation, an operating unit of GE (NYSE: GE), is a world-leading provider of jet and turboprop engines, components and integrated systems for commercial, military, business and general aviation aircraft. GE Aviation has a global service network to support these offerings. For more information, visit us at www.ge.com/aviation. Follow GE Aviation on Twitter at http://twitter.com/GEAviation  and YouTube at http://www.youtube.com/user/GEAviation # # # For further information, contact: Nick Hurm 513.484.4450 nick.hurm@ge.com View source version on GE Aviation: https://www.geaviation.com/press-release/military-engines/ge-awarded-180-million-contract-support-t700-engines

  • UAE could get up to 50 F-35s in $10B sale

    30 octobre 2020 | International, Aérospatial

    UAE could get up to 50 F-35s in $10B sale

    By: Joe Gould , Aaron Mehta , and Valerie Insinna  WASHINGTON — The U.S. State Department is backing the sale of as many as 50 F-35 joint strike fighters to the United Arab Emirates in an arms deal worth an estimated $10.4 billion, according to multiple reports. The news came as the Trump administration informally briefed Congress on its plan to sell the advanced F-35 fighter to the United Arab Emirates Thursday. It follows weeks of speculation and behind-the-scenes debates about how to structure an F-35 deal with the UAE without cutting into Israel’s qualitative military edge. If the sale is permitted by Congress and the UAE opts to buy the full number of F-35A conventional takeoff and landing variants covered by the deal, it would have parity with Israel, which has 50 F-35 “Adir” jets under contract, although the country is considering buying 25 more. (The quantities and values of such deals often change from initial estimates.) Amid reports the Trump administration is fast-tracking the F-35 sales, key Democratic lawmakers are continuing to urge a deliberate approach, citing concerns for Israel’s security and the security of the warplane’s sensitive technology. “This technology would significantly change the military balance in the Gulf and affect Israel’s military edge," House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Rep. Eliot Engel, D-N.Y., said in a statement. "The F-35 Joint Strike Fighter is a game-changing stealth platform boasting advanced strike capability and unique sensor technology. The export of this aircraft requires very careful consideration and Congress must analyze all the ramifications. Rushing these sales is not in anyone’s interest.” The consultations came days after Israel said last week it will not oppose the U.S. sale of “certain weapon systems,” widely considered to mean the F-35. That followed an agreement between Israel and the United States to upgrade its capabilities to preserve its edge. Engel said he plans to weigh the U.S. legal obligation to maintain Israel’s military superiority in the region, as well the question of whether the sale would drive demands from other Middle Eastern nations to buy the F-35 in exchange for normalized ties with Israel. (The Trump administration recently brokered such a pact between Israel and the UAE.) “Israel currently has exclusive access in the region to the F-35, which has guaranteed its military edge over the last several years. As Congress reviews this sale, it must be clear that changes to the status quo will not put Israel’s military advantage at risk,” Engel said. “This technology also must be safeguarded from our greatest global adversaries. With Russia and China active in the region, the American people will require unimpeachable assurances that our most advanced military capabilities will be protected.” For decades, the State Department has informally consulted with the Senate Foreign Relations and House Foreign Affairs committees before formally notifying Congress of sales, which affords lawmakers a chance to block them. Though lawmakers typically consider such deliberations sensitive and rarely speak publicly about them, Engel broke the news Congress had been informally notified. Assistant Secretary Bureau of Political-Military Affairs R. Clarke Cooper told reporters Wednesday the department plans to honor that process. Though Reuters has reported there is a goal to have a letter of agreement between the U.S. and the UAE by Dec. 2, Cooper said “there are no dates associated with the work that’s being done.” He declined to provide specifics of a potential deal and the State Department declined to comment on Thursday. F-35 prime contractor Lockheed Martin referred questions to the State Department. Israeli opposition would be fatal to the deal in Congress, where Israel enjoys strong support. Two key Democrats introduced legislation earlier this month that would place restrictions on F-35 sales to Middle Eastern nations to address their concerns about both the Israel’s security and the security of F-35 technology. On Thursday, Engel invited colleagues to join him in legislation, “to ensure that the sale of these types of weapons adhere to our most important national security goals.” https://www.defensenews.com/2020/10/29/uae-could-get-up-to-50-f-35s-in-10b-sale/

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